“EIT waves” and coronal mass ejections

P. F. Chen1,2* and C. Fang1,2
1Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
2Key Lab of Modern Astron. & Astrophys. (Ministry of Education), Nanjing University, China

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Coronal “EIT waves” appear as EUV bright fronts propagating across a significant part of the solar disk. The intriguing phenomenon provoked continuing debates on their nature and their relation with coronal mass ejections (CMEs). In this paper, we first summarize all the observational features of “EIT waves”, which should be accounted for by any successful model. The theoretical models constructed during the past 10 years are then reviewed. Finally, the implication of the “EIT wave” research to the understanding of CMEs is discussed. The necessity is pointed out to revisit the nature of CME frontal loop.

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Keywords : waves – Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs) – Sun: corona