History and progress of solar research in China

C. Fang1,2*
1Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
22Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics (Nanjing University),Ministry of Education, China

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After a brief introduction of ancient Chinese records on the Sun, we describe the beginnings of modern solar research in China in the 20th century. The main contents are focused on the progress of solar research in China after the 1950s, including the development of solar research in Purple Mountain Observatory, National Astronomical Observatories, Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, and some astronomy departments in the universities. In particular, the constructions of solar observational facilities, the increase of the numbers of solar researchers and students, as well as the main topics of solar research since 1980s are described in details. Some issues and prospects are being discussed.

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Keywords : Sun: general – history and philosophy of astronomy