Solar physics in India: developments from the nineteenth century to the present era

S. S. Hasan1*, Arnab Rai Choudhuri2and S. P. Rajaguru1
1Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore 560034, India
2Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India

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Modern solar astronomy took root in India with the discovery of helium during the total solar eclipse of 1868 and followed by the setting up of the Kodaikanal Observatory in 1899. We provide a brief overview of the growth of this field, describe the various Indian solar observing facilities and summarize the highlights of solar research in India during the last few decades.

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Keywords : Sun: general – history and philosophy of astronomy